Political Community
Idea shared by Linda Tyler - June 25, 2020 at 9:39 PM
Political community is a connection and interaction between a government and citizens based on certain political ideology. Principles of political communities are different for each ideology. This paper will point the main features of cosmopolitan, communitarian, and pluralistic political communities.
In Cosmopolitanism, interests and prosperity of all mankind are more important than interests and prosperity of a particular nation or government. In this ideology, all ethnic unions refer to one community based on general principles and morality. Cosmopolitanism defines a political community as a union built around numerous institutions and organizations at different layers of international politics. This political community grounds on overall moral philosophy, general economic system, and structure and unites different countries and nations. Individuals, which stick to cosmopolitan ideology ground their frame of references on fully admission of global entity and consider themselves as globally minded persons. Nowadays this movement continues to develop as the part of globalization, and, for example, the European Union is a good example of this political community because it has transnational cooperation, European court, parliament, and other institutions. Moreover, the EU has open borders for citizens of all countries within the union.
Communitarianism is the ideology that supports the idea of the powerful civil society based on the local communities, and in which, the partnership balance between the citizens, government, and market performs the key role. Communitarian political community is the society of individuals, where community does not impersonalize but guarantees the protection of people and creates the conditions for a person’s realization in both unspiritual and spiritual aspects. For communitarian political community the freedom of various social movements, like ecological or feminism movements or free issue-related or religious movements are common. Moreover, local government is common for this ideology; however, all these movements could destabilize the whole political system of the government. Communitarian principles are oriented on domination of collective values in a society. Politico-social movements assert the interest of these communities in their relations with government and business.
In political pluralism, the main power - and decision - making process is concentrated in the hand of government. Nevertheless, there are many non-government groups that use their facilities to impact the political life of the country. In pluralistic political community, groups of citizens try to get the most out of their interest and needs. This political community is characterized by the high level of competition among different non-government groups. Another key element of pluralistic community is polyarchy or multiplicity of parties and legitimate conflict of interests, and discussions between adherents of different points of view. Moreover, other elements of pluralistic political community are free speech, freedom of media, free election, and social organizations independent of government. Thus, in pluralism, every individual has a right to choose his own political party.
Cosmopolitan, communitarian, pluralistic movements, and their political communities are the forms of neo-medievalist movement, where the individual concept of right and developing feel of the ‘world common good’ are confounding the notion of national and state sovereignty. Hedley Bull introduced the idea of neo-medievalism and later other scientist discussed this concept. This notion changed the idea of sovereign state, and explained it as the union of different countries by means of globalization. Nevertheless, the neo-medievalism seems to be a utopia because the modern world cannot be united due to different cultures, religions, and political points of view.
In conclusion, it is necessary to point that political communities are different in all ideologies. Cosmopolitan community tends to universal association, communitarian one tends to protect interest of social groups within a certain country, and pluralism is a political community divided into several non-governmental parties, which struggle for power. Thus, these ideologies are as utopian in the pure state as the idea of the neo-medievalism and they may exist only as the part of another, more advanced ideologies.

About author
Linda works as an editor at https://essaysservice.com/help-with-motivation-letter-writing.html. She has always enjoyed working with a variety of literature and being interested in new facts. In addition, she easily finds common ground with many people. She also received her master's degree from American University Washington

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